present participle adjective french
In French, when two verbs follow each other, the second one must be in the infinitive: I love reading. The participe présent can be used to create both nouns and adjectives based off or verbs. En attendant, elle est très malheureuse. Born and raised in Paris, I have been teaching today's French to adults for 23+ years in the US and France. In the case of the first person singular, the present participle is me levant. ), Honte à toi, Carine ! Let me explain. In French, when two verbs follow each other, the second one must be in the infinitive: I love reading. Well, this French tense construction is actually easy to explain, since it’s fairly regular. The gerund reveals why or how the main verb happens: 3) Who / That You cannot just translate the verb form…. un film amusant (adjective coming from the verb amuser) – an amusing movie, un étudiant (noun coming from the verb étudier) – a student, I love to read = J’aime lire (conjugated verb + infinitive). The French present participle cannot be used after another verb. In French, the present participle is quite rare. If we drop the -ons and replace it with –ant, we get the present participle parlant (talking). FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. The construction tout en (which roughly translates to “all the while”) can also be used as a way to further emphasize the simultaneity of two events, especially if they are somewhat contradictory, as in the above case: Carine mange tout en conduisant. While waiting, … In English, the present participle is the ING form of a verb, and it is mostly used in the progressive verb constructions, but also as an adjective, a noun (it’s then called “a gerund”)…, In French, as repeated over and over in my audiobook series A Moi Paris, the progressive/continuous form simply doesn’t exist. The French present participle is the verb form that ends in -ant. 2.5 hours recorded at 3 different speeds. Le Participe Présent = the present participle. If you have suggestions on how to better this lesson, please send me an email at Camille at Frenchtoday dot com, since as I said, I find it hard to explain the present participle in French to an English speaker. Let’s take a look, shall we? ), Adjective: J’ai fait un travail expédient. And there’s no better way to get your head out of what’s over and done with than by grabbing hold of the newest grammatical tidbit coming up in your learning adventure: the present participle. Il chante en marchant.He is singing while he is walking. So you have two possible translations: Sentences such as “dancing is living” are tough to translate.French would use a noun or an infinitive: So the translation is not set in stone, it’s often a question of what “sounds” better to a French person. The cake is delicious. Je lis un livre amusant. J’ai perdu trois kilos en arrêtant de manger du pain – I lost 3 kilos by quitting eating bread. Voilà. The present participle of être is étant (being). To form the present participle in French, you take the “nous” form of the présent tense, remove the “ons” ending and add “ant” to it. The gerund can sometimes be used instead of a relative clause: While the present participle and gerund look identical, the gerund is almost always indicated by the preposition en, and the meaning is different. © 2020 Lawless French. There are so many cases when you could use a present participle or a gerund in English, but you cannot use a present participle in French. In a similar vein, if you want to say, “I like running,” you use the present tense followed by the infinitive and not the present participle, like so: For regular and most irregular verbs, the French present participle is formed by dropping -ons from the nous (first person plural personal pronoun, meaning “we”) form of the present tense and adding -ant. All rights reserved. Not exactly. Born and raised in Paris, I have been teaching today's French to adults for 23+ years in the US and France. un film amusant (adjective coming from the verb amuser) – an amusing movie, un étudiant (noun coming from the verb étudier) – a student, I love to read = J’aime lire (conjugated verb + infinitive). 1) While / Upon (People who have a car always arrive early.). Here's how you say it. There are no progressive forms in French. *Savoir and a number of other verbs have two different spellings for the present participle, depending on how they are used - some examples: Present Participle As an Adjective or Noun, How to Use the French Expression 'Être en Train de', Introduction to the French Past Infinitive, French Perfect Participle ~ Passé Composé du Participe Présent, How to Conjugate "Se Taire" (to Be Quiet) in French, Passé composé: French Compound Past Tense, How to Use the French Verb Vivre (to Live), Learn How to Conjugate "Rentrer" (to Return) in French. my French audiobook learning method À Moi Paris L5, French mistake: watch out for the ING constructions, I am singing – singing is a present participle used as part of a present continuous formation, Running water – running is a present participle used as an adjective, Good thinking – thinking is a present participle/ gerund used as a noun. A. What is this “ant” ending? The T is silent. When used without en, the present participle may act as an adjective, noun or verb. To form the present participle in French, you take the “nous” form of the présent tense, remove the “ons” ending and add “ant” to it. Present participles are never used to form tenses in French, but they can be used as verbs, either on their own or after en. Identify: French Grammar: The Present Participle la grammaire française: le participe présent. (I have two different pants.). Il faisait une grimace en mangeant ses escargots. First problem: How to form a present participle in French. The present participle of différer (to differ) is différant (differing). This free website is created with love and a great deal of work. However, we don’t use the present participle in French nearly as much as you use it in English. Can You Understand Today’s Spoken French? Thanks for subscribing! You wouldn’t know you are using a present participle unless you studied grammar! All Rights Reserved. (I did a speedy job.). Je ne peux pas écouter de la musique en travaillant – I cannot listen to music while working. In the vast majority of situations, the present tense does a fine job on its own.
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