french adjectives rules
Examples: Une jeune fille intelligente – A young, intelligent girl; She currently teaches French at Austin Community College in Austin, Texas. Some adjectives are regular and follow conventional rules depending on whether they are masculine, feminine, singular or plural. This is a master list of the 1,300+ French adjectives. Most French adjectives are placed after the noun they describe. The last of the French adjectives rules that you need to know is the use of several adjectives in a sentence. So you’d say “un sac vert” (lit: a bag green) or “une maison bleue” (lit: a house blue). You could consider that French adjectives are placed after the noun they describe and would be correct in most situations, however it’s important to know there are a few exceptions. Adjectives that refer to some specific qualities must precede the noun they describe instead of following it. ), Ces pauvres animaux ont faim. In the category of beauty, exceptions are laid (ugly) and affreux (atrocious); in age, âgé (old); and in the category of goodness, méchant (mean). So you’d say “a green bag”, or “a blue house”. (We live in the twenty-first century. Most French adjectives that describe the characteristics of a noun are placed after that noun. ), Paul est un homme pauvre. Le jeune homme est parti (masculine singular), La jeune femme est partie (feminine singular), Les jeunes hommes sont partis (masculine plural), Les jeunes femmes sont parties (feminine plural). The adjectives autre (other), même (same), tel (such), and faux (false, untrue) also go before nouns. There is a small group of common adjectives whose meaning changes depending on whether they come before the noun or go after it. Learn how to use adjectives in French in this guide for students aged 11 to 14 from BBC Bitesize. (All the girls of the class are blond.). In addition to adding a “e” when it describes feminine words and a “s” when it describes plural words, don’t forget to double the”n” when it describes feminine words. Practice is what will allow you to become fluent in French, so pick an adjective and create a sentence with it in the comment section below this article! The reason is simple. Check out some of these adjectives in action: Le dernier jour de la semaine est dimanche. In English, adjectives are pretty easy to use. (The first day of the week is Monday. Often times a feminine adjective is created simply by adding an -e to the masculine adjective. (I’d like to see another movie.). To remember that, imagine a Frenchman coming to you and asking with a heavy (and charming) French accent “excuse me, where is the house blue?”. Most French adjectives go after the noun they describe. When certain adjectives are used with certain nouns, they take on a meaning you cannot always guess. It’s not as simply as simply adding an -e. That said, there are many patterns and we’ll discover the patterns on this page. Here is another tricky and extremely common French adjective. In most cases French adjectives change the following way: Note: unlike English, French adjectives of nationality don’t start with a capital letter. Luckily, in today’s lesson, you’ll discover several rules that’ll make it easier for you to know how to place and use French adjectives. Get the latest news and gain access to exclusive updates and offers, Create an account and sign in to access this FREE content. This is one of the most tricky French adjectives. And don’t worry about making mistakes, I’ll happily correct you :). ), Toutes les filles de la classe sont blondes. Here come the bad boys or rather the BANGS boys: Most adjectives expressing these (BANGS adjectives) are placed before the noun they describe. In French however, the placement of adjectives varies. This is a French idioms that literally translates as “to be in beautiful sheets”. For example, some adjectives like “délicieux” (delicious) can come both before and after the noun they describe depending on the context. un visage intéressant (an interesting face). Simple to remember, right? In these examples, the adjectives are blanche (white), intéressant (interesting), and délicieux (delicious). The advantage is that once you know these common adjectives, you’ll mainly encounter adjectives that follow the normal placement of adjectives and are therefore placed after the noun they describe. For a literal meaning, place the adjective after the noun; for a more figurative meaning, you place it before. Watch that difference in action: Ordinal adjectives — that is, adjectives that describe the order in which things come, like first, second, last — appear before nouns. The gender rules for the endings of masculine and feminine adjectives can be very confusing. Mon copain est australien (masculine singular), Ma copine est australienne (feminine singular), Elles sont australiennes (feminine plural). Here are a few: The partitive article: du, de la, de l’ and des, Comparatives and superlatives of adjectives, Demonstrative adjectives: ce, cette, cet and ces, Using different types of pronoun together, Relative pronouns: qui, que, lequel, auquel, duquel, Demonstrative pronouns: ce, cela/ça, ceci, celui, The present tense: regular -er (first conjugation) verbs, The present tense: regular -ir (second conjugation) verbs, The present tense: regular -re (third conjugation) verbs, The present tense: spelling changes in -er verbs, Prepositions consisting of more than one word, lovely, beautiful, good-looking, handsome, When adjectives are used right beside the noun they are describing, they go, Adjectives describing colours, shapes or nationalities always go. In both cases, “beau” describes a masculine noun, so you probably wonder why “beau” becomes “bel” in the second case. Il est dans de beaux draps (masculine plural). So here is how to place and modify the most common French adjectives. That’s because the ending of adjectives ending in “eux” often becomes “euse” if they describe a feminine noun. ), C’est la deuxième fois qu’il fait une erreur. (It rained all day. What’s the effect of gender and number on French adjectives? How to use irregular French adjectives. A handful of adjectives that refer to the qualities contained in the BAGS are not placed before the noun. You may notice that the majority of the following French adjectives are placed before the noun they describe. (Paul is a poor man. ), Dimanche dernier, il a fait des crêpes. “Nouveau” follows the same pattern as “beau”. Most of the time one adjective goes before the noun and another goes after it.
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