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Till the 1857 Sepoy Mutiny, the Santhal Parganas was part of Birbhum; the district thus sprawled up to Deoghar in the west. [40], The bauls of Birbhum, their philosophy and their songs form a notable representation of the folk culture of the district. The main outdoor sports are Football and Cricket played everywhere in Birbhum, although there is a tennis court in Siuri, it is not played commonly. © 1998-2020 Zee Media Corporation Ltd (An Essel Group Company), All rights reserved. [10][53] In the drier western region of the district, the characteristic shrubs and herbs include species of Wendlandia, Convolvulaceae, Stipa, Tragus, Spermacoce, Ziziphus, Capparis and similar plants that grows on laterite soil. Birbhum has been home to kabiyals, kirtaniyas and other folk culture groups. According to the 2001 census, 29.5% of the population belong to the scheduled castes and 6.7% to the scheduled tribes. The Elections.in – Chintamani Exit poll for Bihar Election 2020 couldn’t have been more accurate to predict the win of NDA. /*-->*/, Also read: Birbhum Lok Sabha constituency. Minhaj-i-Siraj, the author of the Tabaqat-i-Nasiri, mentions Lakhnur as the thanah (headquarters) of the Rarh wing of the Muslim rule and an important frontier post. The constituency centres on the western part of Birbhum district in West Bengal. While AIMIM had won 3 seats and is leading on 2. Birbhum district (IPA: [biːrbʰuːm]) is an administrative unit in the Indian state of West Bengal. [16], According to the old Jain book Acaranga Sutra, the last (24th) great Tirthankara Mahavira had wandered through this land, referred to as the "pathless country of Ladha in Vajjabhumi and Subbhabhumi (probably Suhma)" in the 5th century, B.C. MHA issues new COVID-19 guidelines from December 1: What's permitted and what's not? [9], Sainthia is known as business capital of Birbhum and an economically important city. [25], The district comprises three subdivisions: Suri Sadar, Bolpur and Rampurhat. In 1951 census, the literacy rate was 17.74%. Vajjabhumi is included in the Rarh region, and the rest of Rarh is called Sumha to differentiate it from Vajjabhumi. .tg th{font-family:Arial, sans-serif;font-size:14px;font-weight:normal;padding:10px 5px;border-style:solid;border-width:1px;overflow:hidden;word-break:normal;border-color:black;} [53], Ballabhpur Wildlife Sanctuary near Santiniketan was declared a sanctuary in 1977. NIC | Govt. [7] While 159.3 km2 (61.5 sq mi) of land is occupied by forests, 3,329.05 km2 (1,285.35 sq mi) of land is used for agricultural purposes. Birbhum Lok Sabha constituency it comprises of seven assembly seats - Dubrajpur (SC), Suri, Sainthia (SC), Rampurhat, Hansan, Nalhati and Murarai. of West Bengal, List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate, "Directory of District, Sub division, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal, March 2008", http://birbhum.gov.in/munis/SNTMuni/profile.htm, "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme", "Population, Decadal Growth Rate, Density and General Sex Ratio by Residence and Sex, West Bengal/ District/ Sub District, 1991 and 2001", "Category, Year of Establishment, Area, SC, ST and total population in ULBs in West Bengal", "General election to the Legislative Assembly, 2001 – List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies", "Press Note - Schedule for General Elections, 2009", Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901, http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/C-16.html, "DISTRIBUTION OF THE 22 SCHEDULED LANGUAGES-INDIA/STATES/UNION TERRITORIES - 2011 CENSUS", Notable people associated with Santiniketan, Santiniketan: The Making of a Contextual Modernism, Cities, towns and locations in Birbhum district, Revolutionary movement for Indian independence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Birbhum_district&oldid=990577324, Articles with dead external links from November 2010, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 08:29. In 1787, when the official "District Beerbhoom" was established, the district was much bigger than it is now. .tg td{font-family:Arial, sans-serif;font-size:14px;padding:10px 5px;border-style:solid;border-width:1px;overflow:hidden;word-break:normal;border-color:black;} [10][11] Another theory says that the district bears the name of Bagdi king Bir Malla, who ruled in the area from 1501 to 1554 CE. 1-9, Govt. [8] Bakreshwar Thermal Power Station is the only heavy industry in the district. Jaydev Kenduli, which until recently was believed to be the birthplace of the 12th century Sanskrit poet Jayadeva, is on the bank of the river Ajay. After dismemberment of Harshavardhana's empire, the region was ruled by the Palas till the 12th century AD, when overlordship of the area passed into the hands of the Senas. [6], Birbhum is primarily an agricultural district with around 75% of the population being dependent on agriculture. [7] There are five barrages, providing irrigation support. [53] Sometimes during the season when mahua trees bloom, wild Asiatic elephants from Jharkhand come in trampling crops and threatening life and property. The following table summarises the population distribution:[33], According to 2011 Indian census, Hindus formed around 62% of the total population with Muslims about 37%. There are 26 police stations, 19 development blocks, 6 municipalities and 167 gram panchayats in this district. [1][26] Other than municipality area, each subdivision contains community development blocs which in turn are divided into rural areas and census towns. [12][19], The 13th century witnessed the advent of Muslim rule in the region. Read More…, Bihar has voted for the third and final phase of Bihar Election 2020. In the district there is only hilly area of natural rock formation situated near Dubrajpur town called Mama Bhagne Pahar (Hill). Before delimitation the district was divided into 12 assembly constituencies (AC):[29]Nanoor (AC #283), Bolpur (AC #284), Labhpur (AC #285), Dubrajpur (AC #286), Rajnagar (AC #287), Suri (AC #288), Mahammad Bazar (AC #289), Mayureswar (AC #290), Rampurhat (AC #291), Hansan (AC #292), Nalhati (AC #293) and Murarai (AC #294). The total number of electors in the constituency was 1493845 while the total voter's turnout was 1275164. [8] Rainfall is higher in the western areas as compared to the eastern areas. Roy had defeated Dr Mohammed Qamre Elahi of CPI(M) by a margin of 67263 votes in 2014 Lol Sabha election. [38][39], According to the 2011 census Birbhum district has a population of 3,502,387,[40] roughly equal to the nation of Lithuania[41] or the US state of Connecticut. [26][27] The latest amongst the urban units to have a municipality was Nalhati in 2000.[28]. Flying kites, swimming and karate are also common. Further down the Mayurakshi is the Tilpara Barrage at Suri. [8] Bakreshwar Thermal Power Station (210 MW x 3 + 210 MW x 2 under construction) is the only heavy industry in the district. [6] Festivities are organised across the seasons. The location of Lakhnur, though not yet identified, falls in Birbhum. [36] Other than those speaking the local dialect of Bengali, there are tribal Santhals and ten other tribal communities in Birbhum with some presence, amongst whom Koda, Mahali and Oraons are more common. [40] Birbhum has a sex ratio of 956 females for every 1000 males,[40] and a literacy rate of 70.9%. [2][8][10], Geographically, this area lies at the northeastern end of the Chota Nagpur Plateau, as it slopes down and merges with the alluvial plains of the Ganges. [35] There is a sprinkling of other religious groups in the population. 42 Birbhum (Lok Sabha constituency) are in Birbhum district.The seat was reserved for scheduled castes from 1962 to 2004, but was declared a free seat from 2009 general elections.

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