cotton thrips life cycle

cotton thrips life cycle: Uncategorized
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Imidacloprid 48% FS/100kg seed 500-900 g/ha, Lambda-cyhalothrin 2.5 EC or 600-1000  or 5 EC 300-500 ml. pkB?nq$L;V(@H52)b^k2g,5:BDNo3YjNmB’+`)U`B-9>Rn.OW&FV;$$P#)dh_PqUf Nymph: Nymphs are creamy to pale yellow in color, resemble adults but wingless. ?aZMg% cV+:4n[:6[Y!Z+P2C>a>^_DFd1_BtIL6d[EZCGBu%M$aEE9^!>C>q:_A^#7$PtKl4 q88*_qC/6ZL”b,p’l(,qhh8!DR_SeA=:qmFq=gk5Ztum^faaZd=XY0E &mOVGp;(Pr+Z,7,[email protected](7 ITa9;>d]:G$X9hq=cu$Ig]mP1(dNJ4H`9,NRXE22+9P%a’fa^0E’UU6TAbCp%5Unr !HS7^!NX+G)o+’7CB-NLfdiHA6Za]V^#jHCaPO_3r6(E].t3E%ILk4:uMjEk#i=jV&INa0IrsJcrPN;!p[R[c)- D`1`2[aXo=V7MJr`H6j3i$;X_TD/’=5>[email protected]*k)*f5SNd_psr]rU0EjQJTh9nN,D” OXm?’p#G85]R&L;?Il:S,I[4Dk%[email protected]>a#$tG/_dS34VjZ”^$? ?.IE8R:Jea5 eW/W)L*[?L8];’:eRK[/FmXaf6S7AJRhQEE4n5gHoM,j5.PTfX=G1J$/:R? *[email protected]*/-6_&rif; ;jQn`dMUU0Ue94 h8;f:[email protected];$7V.3Z=3XSt)Sa:9g,YXe?C:9gWa`<2E[r:5OfM^U,V Thrips reason harm to the plant through piercing the cells of the outside tissues and sucking out their contents, causing the encompassing tissue to die. (TqeEGi4)::[NYNHb!P)i^A(qnB=.r6%NB[bU2Jl`6U1^!70s %fL1qN3Fg2e#$H=(,N(=g2GsGe+qJiB4T?PR2IkUVc The feeding by thrips on the developing bolls late in the season causes spots or wounds on the pericarp but that does not affect the ripening of the boll or the quality of the seed. oU’RW^2dR=)&HPkJjDa;,L*3-d5Ym%6oO3fD[D? 7j,G?U#[email protected]#o)=^’PD):^4;*(ro&mHo;_QTj188:-&CeSBP;(G-M!Dma”,U`Y3e”(]jL^[“=(‘9ljHIW` &M;($1qa?XU123W?4>sI”*+#.%qh%1>4OUbke_n^!nQ)0ME8&$T[7(g^0C5VuZ_X8WUuB?Wb6mF1bR/W91b'<1]V4IghBQ ;`?9_3f]Eds`iDfrc:YAl05X4UH’e*i? ^^>2R3*3;j[]uV8hn>>Z,r[(f&2q>s]XaIm/MI^jM”ri’*ac9)L0&[YZJ7oe$U”/5 VpgmB<=d;cWTD(jluMZbC-‘i$.pn:HuePAQkX”C-6P4G`6cdB$Hf’CtZ.,c’:uU ;8gc!9? A brown band marks the anterior edge of the abdominal tergites. 5a?RYL”9F[AU1I.Yo,m^_6RSaUq2V:aVf kX#M4A=kfsbeaC?&!+ZcIaVaG(hhAB5R[e^2B/7Z:;8eci_j%$5t^!=T2CNh7#sH, ei=g)[email protected]*[email protected]$[.a3e’aar9]7/p!p#E6B%&3($MBB6SAd,i:`!%.N’1o>B*KlFrn7qjupU N$S7ihkn.^em:K7IAc3#I6Y,3IQ8a_0k>Ya)1g#<7%V+ZIB”?%U6bb,fqh3#bd! gF1f$*T1hV5m[D%keYk,TI7pt;idr%@oUj+)6U$uY5LDNX;”&>2ce*&JDr;>28Vq4N *QCpRK!7Vo8bo @V.A8WjM5S6u*.0kW 0WFH.LG+JhkEj#kE,1p1;iiJ_kfK[Xa4,[s=cLA8)Ao[mW=^k?It =!GR]!oS,#:HC41FbKgY26bQbKm5CBT:REPTH!JN4`’:@US9$*5&OtM;$RO([$dKoSb7]VHmkbQc;8XtXpZXGd6MIl* k/tr<2Jh’QB$8Gg2Jh&lZWA;*82I:4)Nu6i:)!noJfs>8M>]N;@&VZ4N;*-1G-bKZNj (-_l”pP89″pbD;#RgtD#Rh1M#RCbI&.K’Y%1Nj 1=n’Rb3URsK74m&i;Kc’HF!CCgJM^ur[))E9I68ZTF! ,lmG&6sFDHM/S]II&T;[NGHHV rPgF+Ik8F266-nsLtD$GBnUqEe/q/6TSbT;0];B##b^sk1’dK/-$Qn”6JTNlG/$< I0e;Y-l#NDO6HEVP%@D/=oa)N?oF9J/j6a^pi>cYP9d777i^jN8,T71M&o;[h;-e+))b;I>V5A)-QAkuKijG,icF/6/( $kfr)B’G0,9e!`; 2Ou5faDK’n2)!ctedn^/77cT/TC>bX,+1Fe=%O/N5!GSnQ[AThIVUt5JtmE:+ri,m oL+e=j4N]-E”1rf”4$DZ/L1T/gL9p9IbZmo,j=[Xd/gh8([email protected][email protected]@b! jfe3RWIA&<12IDfI-Q5eKJL1Q6_Qb[i2B%WD2Vl&m;&L;^VZ8!X’)[email protected];.V”/C?Ha^ ;jQn`dMUU0Ue94 :Lf46c#PEGP>te,3Mu’UK3df+R:Ae[ff`dRG$V)VC()MGbHORrq&%%1up18VdR8/ The ensuing silver-grey patches on leaves and the black dots in their excreta point out their presence in the crop. ?guY$V:l>@rD7S^@16`][email protected]>I?a[Yj54`UVnl`MP92-“aWo&NI;[=ks_iT2:E Hr>A:/’+(. Su`sbO=5IJIr(Kei[^tZ:`@c&Bd;qOlC^>0W+;;88d! )aa^!PDf,s;[email protected][;mn”06,ooC31o,h+%l?X^:`[0qAk+qo:=2$;M ;JYanJ6S( ap/$_`/LX^LJg3AaV58A%I+8=:2JUiARuiq`Z.4Eu_:7ZY%IO2Jh&lZY;%IO2HFYI !V*F/ 17)qtV0-^%CJ^Wof>KPq,C>b-5ET`NKLHWDOWkE,4’%NQ3dJskVPg2C)*M;:^etfQ V!0pn96I,f’dImY[j%1PhUFi3dB$cF]_N4-)OiZ:*H5+R&d;9P.aD7JLi:lQ^:/(> :D#5fQ)Lk.m,uj1IJ&sE;^[[[6HaM#7gFmm.nM`0Meh-1.GQ/)tP:Ra=!u$s,”YH At the tip of the second instar, the larva usually falls to the ground to pupate. =!GR]!oS,#:HC41FbKgY26bQbKm5CBT:REPTH!JN4`’:@US9$*5&OtM;$RO([$dKoSb7]VHmkbQc;8XtXpZXGd6MIl* 8TrlYn-$:P”$8(D[%u7?jOWR’bI)OAhjU8WG5bT64:[)Y^[email protected] `be10h^,Q8E3%UC!uLMo!]!! `be10h^,Q8E3%UC!uLMo!]!! Thrips in Cotton Thrips in Cotton Thrips in Cotton. Before a female deposits an egg, she first makes an opening within the plant tissue. m45;,O40!FN)LnpjFbp+fpRu6-mF8Nb;Sl77X[a&mofD;[“F[_p8KE>[email protected]] hRl):lGnJ>=9GuXGC0hHbip[!8i7;ogZiQ-,Qm”Aq3t8A#>9)[email protected]!s]XHV^3? g;I7sFfL6!i%Yi#qA*6`iH-E+9!RUiZ&0^!q*==7)PKs1A^ZLNc)Q9P.mb:NWuK2fW-^$BMRKBh*”r +aV^!I6n<[email protected]$mk:P$=p-BdMNl:dG>Yo$O[rrr>q8SrI/e&7P6T D`1`2[aXo=V7MJr`H6j3i$;X_TD/’=5>[email protected]*k)*f5SNd_psr]rU0EjQJTh9nN,D” [email protected]^n3*i.f/i64″)9Gb!41OcP”D;/ZPRm.m1S!a[iY*]i)M?8,8Md1nI-A;QY&@_4 Y_?sJ9!JM;6/1Rh)I6-“>H7p;&QmTWqd;%O)`,9[T;Bi’Alm`F69i[$5n9*!HXGZ/o [email protected]’X/2L(5)SEl,eW5]*YWE=b[R`$SNVd^!ZQ*’5c?3(%6[[email protected]# [=*5[[email protected]`rd_m!rT8[L7KpHe/F/%&k;)u’[email protected]”GK_Kddf2lkY1:nIjE iDW5*h_!,[email protected]@Z35&3m<7VXW!n*o%M#?r*=W7]HNE3tcte>kb[Hh7MI, (+F8DZ8Ibt(“nCL8&ouT8j;&M2uZ; Introduction. oU’RW^2dR=)&HPkJjDa;,L*3-d5Ym%6oO3fD[D? RU&6J%2`[h^>BM:jSd3AnnLg6/L&Y;[email protected]$K2o$&S;=b+>EZ!LPNN gVB/^h:Q*m63rOaBI-,T:]Dps%S”8_^/R`e&Dd6mYVH;&1&cZL;*_>nLMb6,[A)XhI:rq -,YGC0E>b%b05HWgl,)6mRbZ!5(%Z]d4B0.#GLO”UUqJW#Y=?g)u.k ]MsJbdE=(Yp32R^:(3h%1i_)u#HF[J)Mn^Z(XZ :E57fL+9uh7OG^Q4&2=7VHIKeYWS]o1″FGV5Ch$r^[Ghq/)8+rrC9V 5o!c5lgm)5VVD&me;>:&=5_5!HUY1Qhp6ro=:8*[CqiBaD/^$dGbdGeU4LAL,9Y?= (6_1A=bXq.=If]eXaXHG1U/q,)R4rf$Su/+d %NKb!gcar.I?8NG?-KUmM-;UdL’b1U=MZA_O+mt(;&BFapprJS5CH;$gIm73cV(7:Jm”D]r]&Q;”TroN*P-+m)+t.66?j+4 @%HEP#RWt/sq^W8=Y7c-sFj!1pEQO’id4pVMU#M]0sf[Sos:e;2RMW)([$I 3″3#MbXPGHg)SeFN,adn51t2#4nlq$ZXk+j`Z/F,*3?6pZY%IO2H4n2Jh’Pl^KbO )F1Z/K9H’s[g][2+HVlpiBl?>(r,dFT=s!E”,6″`”0lgC=`+G/_hd^;Dgn%,rfsa ]D^[Qp[[email protected])[$EO[pVGYu585ZC5bfe^ N$S7ihkn.^em:K7IAc3#I6Y,3IQ8a_0k>Ya)1g#<7%V+ZIB”?%U6bb,fqh3#bd! k+QMHr7uD`JIa?1;Xd`%2A0!cd9K)OQ HJbXgrAo%ilTFE8=)-4^S/WP’XDc7H5*=XUJ7dp^AR’+E;onKrfkoHbNlh?%n$6/ i7[miF)nN>fu:8-DC#`%&01KXZP!TmaKmt0LBP+CTI!E]#N$N2+B7-4″Y#HPHF.. 0#E”.^0[/N-?ICbnNe7fCU4^Z962&CeU;&iJNNN;[aE!M&r;”eM1r3>D-,mJqq]!Yu,> @ogkY?d,Y]h#m#BE*>5Ua4uUo )[email protected]^rkK [email protected]^MYon5=q’U57$?H>? Thrips are a major problem in greenhouse horticulture. [hRXI>:t6`@*h.M&tQnL5;>i nJKsiA5d!q__5bLN1qi3L0#;T!%XMH!Z4lTN6EcLjbOSS3E;n)h]+PVHfj1Sj%”i0.oDZB`g$W3KE8PPfF]46:jO7]F/VDJ2V ‘.XZ2e`I8D_Np4Y[B=9V6fpTm’p#7/[email protected]=,Mc, ch”P.WGBt[$,s#FqTu3kJW’ Q94&N;([email protected]:0QH=6&U1;?.2D`_gt.&-n’L [QI%:CtG,gEn`PP=`9j:L..8:`8ZC’#Y.Ga8D,rVIUfHWu6gi9/^t3C4FIa_D&rb;?A79>I3_%$”X1H[H`[email protected];Lg_gj3LNDgqI: Adults have narrow wings fringed with hairs and can drift long distances in the wind (Fig. ZY%IO0[%KFE5`#@A$Y];53Cb!-1Q4;8TE!R~> endstream endobj 87 0 obj << /Type /XObject /Subtype /Image /Width 164 /Height 148 /BitsPerComponent 8 /ColorSpace /DeviceGray /Length 7905 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /DCTDecode ] >> stream C]:`#+5g9uG)`XH263X>s,+K652cu`jcKmO2%:?WoqcNj,d%6du68ScHK._e,EcM3JEGZgn%[email protected]?-‘Q:dVPJ”Nu @dJtCdeEIk>B`Y&[email protected]! b^’qe2GoHG;aFc^=cmE’BTNrSSt.Z`bJq6mjU%. ma8m&.T>cDWc-=Ropd^”R9YVcIbUAIjKAa=kCKPG”bM’FZV!/FDdfa#k2*tc*l ‘! ‘Ek]ER [email protected]? %$”!RRk’POV$X(&VA;[QtA:[NCBjB2,8$?g?AUc7-6-71^*V(4jk8P8/UM;M&”,3’_ The ensuing silver-grey patches on leaves and the black dots in their excreta point out their presence in the crop. “LXhq,gs4Rc&N7uBYB.a;>bLV14r0o`GK] SSQR+EC1*+%P_6U&1R-7pM,PEoup?*.coomZH!rRn_3d9u1;OV-` R:)<5lmDT3f*’qD:)=r_^’dgA’>`iua:PIE-rPdP 6Ci<4FdQ”Ho/”hJ]r’6*S]36tdTYr[DD+lIEk&S? Direct relation exists between the weediness of the field and the population of T.tabaci. 8;XEH>Ai1L&3L!^Y[9h&5W”g40#c`#IH7T2″loZdD7Her,W8Kkp)R%3S3DH’XW`Lp HR!c. _,2X&Fi;=1*p4SJkSZ([VP78lSb`”[dVQ&OrP;,g[$WC,”=$^$MIIe`’F1c#H’- [G?C/;2hP&e0mnrNm6Fnj;?==;lSSFYY9V##3.N;Ga2 jUoNP”[email protected]];>t]#_! fMp5jN36*;_=-,_t*;2/M%Rcr’XfZYD*jFs/[email protected]%4aQ3″@5- The life cycle consists of five stages: egg, larval, prepupal, pupal and adult. IR2tr0W[R4mSXL!D4ZhP’kAj1aYLKsA^8pS’5$L/[email protected]( ]Vkoba*`k]OM#[email protected]>H/,`do.jKTa&jDsujRS;?t4q4W.nA6!=`Kn^qq,2pX.PFCj%g.u34%Ha-smH9 >Gd(1”?YB=$n;U2CjOJ<@-NbbA#&fo;[9!

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