acropolis ancient greece

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during the height of the ancient Greek Empire. Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. The building was burned and looted, along with the Ancient Temple and practically everything else on the rock. [29], During the Hellenistic and Roman periods, many of the existing buildings in the area of the Acropolis were repaired, due to damage from age, and occasionally, war. This grand composition of perfectly balanced massive structures creates a monumental landscape of unique beauty consisting of a complete series of masterpieces of the 5th century BC. South of the platform that forms the top of the Acropolis there are also the remains of the ancient, though often remodelled, Theatre of Dionysus. (253). “Deconstructing the Acropolis: The Acropolis Museum, Athens, opened 20 June 2009 by Bernard Tschumi Architects. The Athenian Acropolis is the supreme expression of the adaptation of architecture to a natural site. In the sixth century A.D., after Rome converted to Christianity, many temples at the Acropolis became Christian churches. (2009, September 02). During the festival, a procession (believed to be depicted on the Parthenon frieze) traveled through the city via the Panathenaic Way and culminated on the Acropolis. The Parthenon, which was being used as a gunpowder magazine, was hit by artillery shot and damaged severely.[40]. Dignity of form was thus enhanced by dynamism of forms. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Over the centuries, the Acropolis was many things: a home to kings, a citadel, a mythical home of the gods, a religious center and a tourist attraction. According to the historian Pedley, “the work…was carried out under the supervision of Phidias. The Acropolis. The original sediments were deposited in a river delta approximately 72 million years ago. The Castle Rock in Edinburgh, Scotland, for example, upon which looms the famous castle, was fortified as early as 850 BCE and would be known as an acropolis, as would be those cities of the Maya Civilization which fit that definition, even if they were not built on a natural elevation. License. In fact, Plutarch says that Phidias was in charge of the whole of Pericles’ scheme” (251). “use strict”;(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById(“citation-access-date”);var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:”long”,day:”numeric”,year:”numeric”});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. The Bronze-age acropolis, or citadel built on a hill, is one of the great cities of the Mycenaean civilization that played a vital role in classical …read more, Delphi was an ancient religious sanctuary dedicated to the Greek god Apollo. The term “acropolis” means “high city” in Greek and can refer to one of many natural strongholds constructed on rocky, elevated ground in Greece, but the Acropolis of Athens is the best known. UNESCO The Acropolis at Athens Accessed 1 Dec 2016. The word acropolis is from the Greek words ἄκρον (akron, “highest point, extremity”) and πόλις (polis, “city”). While there is evidence that the hill was inhabited as far back as the fourth millennium BC, it was Pericles (c. 495–429 BC) in the fifth century BC who coordinated the construction of the site’s most important present remains including the Parthenon, the Propylaea, the Erechtheion and the Temple of Athena Nike. The Parthenon is a resplendent marble temple built between 447 and 432 B.C. Mark, published on 02 September 2009 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms.

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